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12.01 Engaging Ideas - 12/1/2017

Friday, December 1st, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA




Democracy

The worst of American politics is on full display right now (Washington Post)
Sexual harassment allegations are consuming Hollywood, corporate America and the U.S. political system. And in doing so, they have revealed the very worst of our partisanship, tribalism and ability to justify just about anything to ourselves.

Millennial poll: Strong majority want a third political party (NBC News)
A strong majority of millennials — 71 percent — say the Republican and Democratic parties do such a poor job of representing the American people that a third major party is needed, according to the results of a new NBC News/GenForward poll.

New space in D.C. intends to play host to bipartisan dialogue (Washington Post)
A new space opened this month on Capitol Hill, just across the street from the Senate and with a rare purpose in our fractious political times.


Opportunity/Inequality

As Transportation Transforms, Cities Explore Equitable Mobility (Government Technology)
Transit systems should continue to think creatively as they develop new systems to attract and retain riders, according to a new report from the National League of Cities.

The Tax Overhaul Could Mean Falling Home Prices and Less Affordable Housing (WNYC)
While there isn’t a final version yet, it’s clear from the House bill and the outline from the Senate for how it plans to pay for tax cuts (that will still add $1.4 trillion to the deficit over the next 10 years) that the tax overhaul will affect homeowners and renters in the New York City and New Jersey area.

Heartland strong: Road trip through Middle America reveals resilience, pragmatism, and diversity (Christian Science Monitor)
More and more, white Middle America is being repeopled with newcomers of color, bringing a workforce to agricultural jobs, a vibrancy to decaying towns, and a mix of welcome – and suspicion – from older residents.


Engagement

What Does Citizen Engagement Look Like in Alaska? (Government Technology)
Deputy State Chief Information Officer Jim Steele explains how the state’s unique geography ups the ante when it comes to government-constituent interaction.

What it Takes to Build a Model Police-Community Relationship (Everyday Democracy)
A Conversation with West Palm Beach Chief of Police


K-12

School Voucher Programs Leave Parents in the Dark on Disability Rights, Feds Say (Education Week)
States are not doing enough to inform parents about the special education rights they give up when they enroll their children in private schools with publicly funded vouchers.

As national debate over discipline heats up, new study finds discrimination in student suspensions (Chalkbeat)
Black students in Louisiana are suspended for slightly longer than white students after being involved in the same fight, according to new research that adds to a roiling national debate about school discipline.

Companies invest in high schools across state to boost vocational, engineering, other high-demand work (Star Tribune)
A looming labor shortage, along with a growing urgency to address Minnesota's unyielding racial achievement gap, is prompting sweeping changes in the way businesses participate in hands-on learning.


Higher Ed/Workforce

House GOP plans to introduce bill that embraces deregulation of higher education (Think Progress)
These policies, which would be part of the Higher Education Act, last reauthorized in 2008, would get rid of student loan forgiveness programs for public service employees, place caps on borrowing for graduate students, and provide more funding to community colleges for apprenticeships and partnerships with businesses.

Net Neutrality Rollback Concerns Colleges (Inside Higher Education)
The creation of internet fast lanes could come at a high cost to higher education, experts on technology and learning warn.

Scramble for Dual-Credit Certification (Inside Higher Education)
States and institutions are still working out incentives and programs to get dual-credit instructors qualified to meet a change in accreditation standards.


Health Care

Patients, physicians and employers all have a different definition of healthcare value, survey finds (Fierce Healthcare)
Patients, physicians and employers have very different perspectives on what drives value in healthcare, according to a new survey.

On children's health coverage, congressional inaction has brought us to the 'nightmare scenario' (Los Angeles Times)
Child healthcare advocates have been warning, and warning, and warning that Congress’ delay on reauthorizing funds for the Children’s Health Insurance Program places health coverage for as many as 9 million children and pregnant women at risk. But since the funding expired Sept. 30, there has been no action by Congress.

Five health-care fights facing Congress in December (The Hill)
Here are five of the biggest health-care issues Congress will face next month.

Comment

11.22 Engaging Ideas - 11/22/2017

Wednesday, November 22nd, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA




Democracy

Go Ahead, Talk About Politics at Thanksgiving (The Atlantic)
Six in 10 Americans say they dread the topic coming up, but better to embrace the challenge than try to stave off the inevitable.

Yes, the Clintons should be investigated (Washington Post)
President Trump’s critics are arguing that GOP calls for the Justice Department to investigate Hillary Clinton and Democrats’ ties to Russia are an effort to distract from the real Russia investigation, into potential Trump-Russia collusion. No, they are not.


Opportunity/Inequality

Income inequality is bad enough, then add the race factor (The Hill)
According to our new report, there's been a rapid updraft of wealth into the top echelon of multi-billionaires. The wealthiest 400 Americans now have more wealth together than the bottom 64 percent of the population, over 200 million of us. That's bad enough. But through the lens of race, these statistics reveal another dimension of the story. Only seven of the 400 wealthiest Americans are black or Latino — the rest are almost entirely white

Millennials are set to be the most unequal generation yet (Quartz)
In an economic climate where the top 1% own half the world’s wealth, a new analysis by Credit Suisse suggests that millennials in several advanced economies are likely going to face the worst income inequality of any generation in recent memory.


Engagement

Challenging Conversations: Increasing Engagement Across Political and Cultural Lines (New Hampshire Public Radio)
As we head into Thanksgiving, difficult topics are bound to come up around the dinner table. We hear about a new effort in Nashua called 1000 Conversations, which is aimed at getting people to talk outside of their own cultural groups.

Citizens, participation and economics: Emerging findings from the Citizens’ Economic Council (Open Democracy)
Ahead of this week’s Autumn Budget 2017, Reema Patel explains how the Citizens’ Economic Council programme has piloted models of engagement that seek to enable citizens, including those ‘left-behind’ citizens, to ‘take back control’ over the economic decisions that affect their lives.


K-12

Policymakers agree virtual schools should get more teachers and less money. Will they make it happen? (Chalkbeat)
National and even local charter school advocates — including those who could affect public policy — agree changes need to be made at Indiana Virtual School and online charters more broadly across the state.

New York City’s (unofficial) graduation rate hits 74 percent, preliminary figures show (Chalkbeat)
New, York City’s graduation rate hit a record 74 percent in 2017, according to preliminary figures published on the education department website this week, a slight increase over the previous year.


Higher Ed/Workforce

Women are more educated than men, but gender inequality persists, says new study (Christian Science Monitor)
Women in developed countries have surpassed men in level of education. Other gender equality measures, however, including equal pay and women in leadership roles, still lag.

Bill Would Force Students Who Don’t Graduate to Repay Pell Grants (Chronicle of Higher Education)
The proposal, sponsored by Rep. Francis Rooney, Republican of Florida, and Rep. Ralph Norman, Republican of South Carolina, would compel students to repay Pell Grants — which, unlike loans, do not require repayment — if they did not complete their program within six years. The bill would apply to all students eligible for Pell Grants, including students at community colleges.


Health Care

Families Are Facing a Child Health Care Crisis as Holiday Season Nears (The Daily Beast)
Parents have begun to fret and, in some cases, penny-pinch as Congress makes limited progress in re-authorizing CHIP.

The next step in shared decision-making: Let patients contribute to medical notes (Fierce Healthcare)
You’ve no doubt heard of OpenNotes, but is the next step OurNotes, where patients actually contribute to their doctors’ notes?

Comment

11.22 Reconciling Principle with Pragmatism

Wednesday, November 22nd, 2017 | RAVI REDDI



Tune in to any news show and odds are you’ll hear about yet another intractable political issue. There may be a couple of angry quotes flashing across the screen, or perhaps, a conversation between politicians yelling for their side. The newscaster looks on, resigned to refereeing a shouting match and ends the segment so everybody can catch their breath.

As my colleague, Antonio Diep, noted in his blog post, Practical Agreement in Healthcare, experts are looking for ways to explain how our national political discourse on important policy issues went off the rails so dramatically. But at Public Agenda we had another question, what if there exists hidden common ground amongst the American public? Through our Hidden Common Ground Initiative, we set out to see what this may look like in relation to criminal justice policy.

Criminal justice is a topic of discussion that evokes passion. For many Americans, topics like criminal justice are intimately intertwined with their broader moral and ethical viewpoints. Likewise, political conversations relating to criminal justice policy can often be characterized more as debates than discussions, highlighting the difficulty of reforming policy that every American has a stake in.

Americans have diverse viewpoints on why people commit crimes, how fair the criminal justice system is and the role of prison in addressing crime. However, recent polling shows shifting opinions in how Americans view their criminal justice system and how they view individual kinds of crime, like drug offenses.

Within this context, our research shows Americans are reconsidering the balance of priorities in our criminal justice system; considering rehabilitation alongside punishment and the role of extenuating circumstances, like mental health and unemployment, in the commission of crimes. Americans, according to our research, are reconciling principle with pragmatism.

Interesting nuances relating to steadfast cultural narratives are also being better understood in our research. For example, narratives of personal responsibility offer simple explanations for why criminals commit crimes, but our research shows that such narratives are also contributing to how Americans view solutions to incarceration. For example, in one focus group, participants discussed the idea that reframing drug dealing as employment might help frame solutions like vocational training.

Our research shows that policy ideas like alternative sentencing and mandatory minimums are being considered and reconsidered in new contexts, like drug addiction and sentencing proportionality. Our conversations revealed nuanced reflections amongst Americans about the criminal justice system, who wrestled with questions like: Is prison the best way to address drug crimes relating to addiction? Do mandatory minimums mitigate the impact of judicial bias or do they exacerbate incarceration inequities?

Our research sheds new light on where Americans are finding common ground and how those conversations are taking place. When it comes to our criminal justice system, Americans are reconciling new cultural norms, the consequences of past policy decisions, and their own principles in new, accommodating and promising ways.

Comment

11.17 Engaging Ideas - 11/17/2017

Friday, November 17th, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA




Democracy

Election officials move closer to placing new rules on Facebook and Google (Washington Post)
The Federal Election Commission moved a step closer to placing tighter regulations on Internet ads published on major Web platforms, marking a significant shift for an agency beset by partisan dysfunction and another sign that regulators are seeking to thwart foreign meddling in U.S. elections.

How partisan primaries weaken the political center (Detroit Free Press)
We like to believe that partisan primaries are the the political equivalent of the playoffs that take place each fall in Major League Baseball's National and American leagues, yielding each league's strongest contender for the World Series. But that's not how the partisan primary system works.

In City Hall, Women Make History (CityLab)
More women are on track to be elected mayor in the top 100 cities than ever before—in some major cities, for the first time. But not before overcoming some major hurdles.


Opportunity/Inequality

Some amazing findings on income mobility in the US including this: the image of a static 1 and 99 percent is false (AEI)
It turns out that 12 percent of the population will find themselves in the top 1 percent of the income distribution for at least one year. What’s more, 39 percent of Americans will spend a year in the top 5 percent of the income distribution, 56 percent will find themselves in the top 10 percent, and a whopping 73 percent will spend a year in the top 20 percent of the income distribution.

A higher minimum wage could lead to fewer rich kids (Quartz)
Critics of a $15 per hour minimum wage—as advocated by Bernie Sanders and the Democratic Party, and soon to be implemented in California and New York—point to the standard’s unintended consequences: fewer jobs, higher prices, and more workers replaced by robots. It could also have another unexpected effect: fewer rich kids.

How the American dream turned into greed and inequality (Business Insider)
The American Dream is broken. Paul Ryan, speaker of the House of Representatives, recently stated that "in our country, the condition of your birth does not determine the outcome of your life." Yet the idea that every American has an equal opportunity to move up in life is false.


Engagement

Has the time come for participatory grant making? (Ford Foundation)
A growing number of foundations around the world are experimenting with new approaches to philanthropy—approaches focused on engaging people from outside their institutions in everything from setting priorities and developing strategies to sitting on foundations’ boards or advisory committees. Some foundations are also partnering with these stakeholders to make grant decisions.

Town E-Voting Raises Questions in Plymouth, Mass. (Government Technology)
Uncounted votes on a $16.9 million project have some officials criticizing the town’s electronic voting system.

Nudging Citizen Behavior Can Drive Positive Community Change (Government Technology)
The United Kingdom's Behavioural Insights Team is helping U.S. municipalities improve outcomes by fostering initiatives centered around real human behaviors rather than long-held presumptions.


K-12

Rural schools unite to make college the rule, rather than the exception (Christian Science Monitor)
Turning around struggling high schools is the toughest work in education reform. Research found that a $3.5 billion federal program meant to fix the nation’s lowest performing schools – which focused disproportionately on high schools – did little to improve student achievement.

Study: Chicago Public Schools leading in academic growth (Education Dive)
A recent study conducted by Stanford University researchers reveals Chicago Public Schools, labeled 30 years ago as the worst in the nation, now has students in grades 3-8 averaging six years of academic growth over a five-year period — a rate that is significantly faster than 96% of school districts in the nation, Education Week reports.

Parental involvement improving at NYC schools after years of struggles, stats show (New York Daily News)
Schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña says data indicate more parents took part in their children's schooling, for the school year that ended in June. She credits a number of new investments and an overhaul of the city’s family outreach efforts.


Higher Ed/Workforce

The false argument against higher education funding (The Hill)
The higher education community is now engaged in a heated debate about whether the current tax benefits for college students should be eliminated as part of tax reform. The House Republican plan says they should. Many in higher education disagree.

Boosting Completion by Softening Standards? (Inside Higher Ed)
A nonpartisan watchdog group is questioning whether City Colleges of Chicago is misleading the public with proclamations of dramatic graduation rate increases.

New International Enrollments Decline (Inside Higher Education)
Open Doors survey shows declines in new international students starting in fall 2016, after years of growth. This fall universities report an average 7 percent decline in new international students.


Health Care

What States Can Learn From One Another on Health Care (The Upshot, New York Times)
We know that where you live matters: There are huge disparities in health and costs across the country.

Consumers use price transparency tools to financially plan, not shop around (Modern Healthcare)
The majority of healthcare consumers use price transparency tools to financially plan, a new survey found, contradicting claims that consumers will shop around for the cheapest providers if they know the price before obtaining care.

Trump Health Agency Challenges Consensus on Reducing Costs (New York Times)
The efforts to chip away at mandatory payment programs have attracted far less attention than attempts by President Trump and congressional Republicans to dismantle the Affordable Care Act, but they have the potential to affect far more people, because private insurers tend to follow what Medicare does.

Comment

11.14 How Public Engagement Needs to Evolve, Part 5

Tuesday, November 14th, 2017 | MATT LEIGHNINGER



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How can public engagement evolve in order to meet the challenges and conditions of 2017? My previous post explored ways we can give engagement opportunities more authority, so that people are clear on how their voices will be heard and confident that it will make a difference. This time, I’ll address the need for public institutions to collaborate in their efforts to support engagement so that it becomes more efficient, systemic and sustained.

In most issue areas, engagement happens as a temporary, stand-alone activity – and even when those processes or initiatives are successful, participatory practices are rarely incorporated into the official avenues for engagement. So planners conduct participatory charrettes and then go back to contentious public hearings; police departments engage in police-community dialogue even as neighborhood watch groups flounder; school districts mobilize parents to support bond issues while PTAs languish.

Furthermore, the professionals in these different areas rarely work together when they are trying to engage the public. Even though education, health, policing, land use and other issues are inextricably intertwined, and even though a citizen who cares about one of them is quite likely to care about others, engagement rarely happens in ways that people can connect any of the dots. For each issue, there is a separate set of meetings to attend, announcements to track, processes to follow and websites to look at. In engagement, it is usually an every-department-for-itself situation.

This is a problem for several reasons. First, it is inefficient: engagement takes time and resources, and it is a duplication of effort for each individual department or issue area to create its own separate meetings, apps, processes and websites. Second, the people doing all this work are rarely able to learn from each other: instead of comparing notes and pooling community contacts, they essentially reinvent the wheel every time they try to engage citizens.

Finally, every-department-for-itself engagement usually results in lower turnout. Faced with a choice about which of many meetings to attend, busy citizens will usually choose the one that is most relevant to their interests (or none at all). So the parents of school-age children will attend the school meetings and not the ones about crime, while the senior citizens may be active in neighborhood watch but won’t be connected with the schools. It becomes very difficult for any single engagement opportunity to attract a broad cross-section of people. And since much of the power in engagement comes from being able to recruit a large, diverse number of people, all of these efforts suffer.

One way to break out of these engagement silos is to build some “universal pieces” of local engagement infrastructure. These include:

  • Hyperlocal and local online networks. This category of infrastructure (described in previous posts in this series) is already rapidly growing and holds great potential for connecting engagement in many different issue areas.
  • Buildings that are physical hubs for participation. The political philosopher Hannah Arendt is said to have remarked that “Democracy needs a place to sit down.” Communities need accessible, welcoming, wired public spaces for engagement on a range of issues.
  • Youth councils. Perhaps the most undervalued of our civic assets, youth leadership should be cultivated and supported in settings specifically for young people.
  • Engagement commissions. A local engagement commission (or advisory board) can advise a community on the design, implementation and evaluation of public participation tactics, and more broadly on building and embedding a sustainable participation infrastructure. Such a commission could be an official body constituted by local government, or a stand-alone entity recognized and supported by a range of community institutions, such as foundations, governments, school systems, chambers of commerce and interfaith councils and faith institutions.

Instead of always going it alone, officials, experts and activists in seemingly intractable issue areas might profit by working together to build and support these universal pieces of engagement infrastructure. At the very least, they should compare notes about how to do engagement well. But by taking that critical step towards building a participation infrastructure, leaders can begin to sustain and support regular opportunities, activities, and arenas for people to connect with each other, solve problems, make decisions and celebrate community.

Let us help you take that first step towards better engagement. Check out our free resource Strengthening and Sustaining Public Engagement In Vermont. Although created for Vermont, the guide is intended for local municipalities and community leaders across the country who are looking to plan for an overall system of engagement that's both effective and sustainable.

Comment

11.10 Engaging Ideas - 11/10/2017

Friday, November 10th, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA




Democracy

Why Congress Has Done Nothing on Guns (The Atlantic)
In the weeks after Representative Charlie Dent signed on to legislation that would have banned bump stocks following the massacre in Las Vegas, the moderate Pennsylvania Republican was “besieged” by responses from his constituents. These were not thank-you calls.

Is it time for Facebook, Twitter, and Google to become more American? (Quartz)
This week, US Congress members accused Facebook, Twitter, and Google of being everything from hapless to stupid in a series of public hearings in Washington D.C.

Tuesday’s election proves it: American politics are a disaster (Washington Post)
It might be comforting to believe that Tuesday’s election can be explained as a political primal scream aimed at President Trump and his dangerous excesses. Unfortunately, that pipe dream ignores the more profound meaning of this week’s election results: The shellacking Republicans took proves again just how unmoored American politics has become in the 21st century.


Opportunity/Inequality

Charlotte, North Carolina: A City with One of the Lowest Economic Mobility Rates in the Nation (The Davidsonian)
In 2013, Harvard University, Stanford University, and the University of California- Berkeley released findings from their joint Equality of Opportunity Project. The project looked at causes and potential solutions for cases of intergenerational poverty and inequality throughout the United States. Charlotte, Davidson’s most prominent urban neighbor, did not fare well in the study.

Our renter's republic is broken: one in five tenants can't pay the rent (The Guardian)
In the waning days of white-picket-fence America, the burgeoning tenant class is faring worse than ever before. Rents are rising faster than wages and the math is catching up to us. Tenants who spend more than a third of their income on rent doubled from 24% in 1960 to 48% in 2015.

The Paradise Papers Are Just a Glimpse at the Unreal Wealth Gap (Vice)
A new report on spiraling inequality in America is even more concerning given what the Paradise Papers showed us about how good rich people are at hiding money.


Engagement

Opinion: Looking past 'get out the vote' (Crain's New York)
More New Yorkers watched the World Series than voted in yesterday’s election. Advocates will say we need to make voting easier, and that’s true. But what if an important and overlooked part of increasing voter turnout actually involves increasing civic participation the other 364 days per year?

How Can Government Deliver an Amazon-esque Service Experience to Constituents? (Government Technology)
States at the forefront of developing a unified, customer-centric digital government experience share some of their top insights.

How the people of Ithaca will help decide next year's budget (Ithaca.com)
Starting next year, residents of the city’s Second Ward will have the ability to participate in a concept called “The People’s Budget,” a participatory budgeting program that will allow a neighborhood true democratic control of a $10,000 piece of the city’s budget.


K-12

Apple Co-Founder Steve Wozniak Jumps Into Tech Training, and K-12 Curriculum (EdWeek MarketBrief)
Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak has launched a company focused on giving people online training for technology jobs—a project that is meant to encourage K-12 students to enter the field, too.

Educators Are More Stressed at Work Than Average People, Survey Finds (Education Week)
Teachers are feeling especially stressed, disrespected, and less enthusiastic about their jobs, a new survey has found. The survey, released by the American Federation of Teachers and the advocacy group Badass Teachers Association on Monday, included responses from about 5,000 educators. It follows a 2015 survey on educator stress—and finds that stress levels have grown and mental health has declined for this group in the past two years.

In more than 200 school districts, at least 1 in 10 students attends a charter (Chalkbeat)
Charter school enrollment is continuing to tick upward in cities across the country. And in 208 districts, at least 10 percent of public-school students attended a charter last school year.


Higher Ed/Workforce

How the GOP Tax Plan Could Hurt Graduate Students — and American Research (The Chronicle of Higher Education)
Under current law, college employees are allowed to get a break on tuition without counting that break as taxable income. Graduate students who work as research or teaching assistants are among the chief beneficiaries of that policy. But the bill released last week recommends that tuition waivers be counted as income and be subject to taxes. If that provision becomes law, graduate students could find themselves paying taxes on a far greater amount of money than they actually receive in paychecks from their college.

Part-Time Students Deserve More Attention (Real Clear Education)
Nearly four in ten college students are studying part-time, and most of them will never graduate. It’s a true scandal, one that much of the higher education world has managed to ignore.

When College Classrooms Become Ideologically Segregated, Everyone Suffers (NBC News)
College classrooms, one of the few spaces capable of encouraging civil disagreement, are becoming partisan islands.


Health Care

A nation of McHospitals? (Politico)
Why the health landscape might change more than we imagine.

Health Care Professionals’ Quality of Life is Critical to Hospital Performance, Industry Leaders Say (US News & World Report)
Health industry leaders participated in a panel Thursday at U.S. News' Healthcare of Tomorrow Conference to discuss the importance of promoting health care providers' well-being. By advancing their employees' quality of life, hospitals can enable them to better serve their communities.

Doctors face barriers in move to value-based care under MACRA, congressional committee told (Fierce Healthcare)
Physicians continue to face barriers and need support as they move to new payment models under MACRA, physician leaders told a congressional committee this morning.

Comment

11.09 Practical Agreements in Health Care

Thursday, November 9th, 2017 | ANTONIO DIEP



It seems nowadays Americans can’t turn on the TV, go online or scroll through their social media sites without finding the same narrative: a dystopian portrait of a hopelessly-divided America. The media, pundits and other purveyors of daily happenings underscore the toxic political discourse and gridlock on Capitol Hill as indicators of how polarized we have become in this country. In fact, an October 2017 Pew Research Center poll shows Americans are becoming increasingly partisan on a number of issues.

The trends have naturally compelled experts to set out on a quest to identify the sources from which such divisions derive – citing economic, cultural, ideological, psychological and a myriad of other reasons. While the country appears to be growing ever more divided, we have set out on a new Hidden Common Ground initiative to look for common ground that exists among partisan lines.

Health care is one such issue that has become one of the most entrenched in our nation’s bitterly hostile discourse and one of two issues we are exploring in our inaugural project of this new initiative. Because health care is an important issue to the American public, leaders have naturally come to understand that it is an agenda item they cannot ignore lest the likelihood of a voter backlash. Yet political gridlock, private interests, disagreements and the diverse needs among the public have impeded our nation’s representatives from making any meaningful strides to improve the health care system. However, health care does not occur in a vacuum; there are many, complex parts that make up the whole.

Americans are generally concerned about high medical costs, access to health insurance and the uncertain future of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The proposed solutions we see to address such concerns typically predicate from ideological views on the subject. But we are learning in our conversations with everyday Americans from our nation’s urban, suburban and rural communities that while there may be acute disagreements on broader issues, therein lie specific areas with less intense disagreement than we typically hear and read about. For instance, we are seeing in our research that when it comes to solutions for improving health care, pragmatism can supersede ideology on certain areas.

When it comes to the ACA, the public may be divided on the law as a whole, but certain provisions were popular among respondents and in turn would be practical to keep.

“One of the things about Obamacare I like [is] the 26 extension for children,” said a focus group participant. “I was very concerned about what was going to happen to my kids. [The extension] gave me some comfort. There seems to be more widespread coverage. I think that’s a good thing.”

Solutions like the Medicare for All bill and increasing competition were also viewed in practical terms rather than ideological. While the former initiative was appealing to respondents, questions remained on whether the government could implement and administer such a robust program. The latter, while also a welcomed solution, raised concerns on whether it would lead to unregulated profits by private insurance and big pharmaceutical companies.

As we continue this work, we intend to learn whether the political noise and data-driven narratives match the conversations we have with regular Americans. It is with our findings, based on real concerns and priorities, that we can reveal areas of accommodation in health care with which leaders can craft real solutions.

There are of course agenda items on which we have disagreements, but by recognizing that some issues have areas of common ground, it will help us come together to take on even some of the most divisive issues.

The inaugural Hidden Common Ground research project will be released in early-2018. Be sure to sign up for our newsletter to be one of the first to hear about it and continue to check back at publicagenda.org for more blogs and information on this exciting initiative.

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11.03 Engaging Ideas - 11/3/2017

Friday, November 3rd, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA




Democracy

The political divide in the United States, animated (Washington Post)
According to Pew’s data, 95 percent of Republicans are more conservative than the median Democrat and 97 percent of Democrats are more liberal than the median Republican.

Obama summit kicks off, reaffirms ‘the power of the people’ (Chicago Sun Times)
Drawing civic leaders from around the world, the Obama Foundation on Tuesday kicked off its two-day summit with a performance from students at the People’s School of Music and “social spaces” that invited people to reflect on their personal aspirations.

If estate tax is repealed, charitable giving will take a major hit (Denver Post)
The estate tax is not a burden. Instead, it does what the tax code is intended to do, which is incentivize behavior that benefits us all.


Opportunity/Inequality

How wealth inequality has changed in the U.S. since the Great Recession, by race, ethnicity and income (Pew Research)
The Great Recession of 2007-2009 triggered a sharp, prolonged decline in the wealth of American families, and an already large wealth gap between white households and black and Hispanic households widened further in its immediate aftermath. But the racial and ethnic wealth gap has evolved differently for families at different income levels, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of data from the Federal Reserve Board’s Survey of Consumer Finances.

Invest In Cities To Narrow The Inequality Gap (Forbes)
As with the U.K.'s decision to leave the E.U., the rise of Donald Trump and the rest of it, there is no shortage of commentaries on the growing problems in cities around the world. What there is much less of is realistic proposals for dealing with the issues that have given rise to these phenomena.

America’s affordable-housing stock dropped by 60 percent from 2010 to 2016 (Washington Post)
The number of apartments deemed affordable for very low-income families across the United States fell by more than 60 percent between 2010 and 2016, according to a new report by Freddie Mac.


Engagement

Boston Launches New Crowdsourcing Model for 311 (Government Technology)
Boston has launched a new crowdsourcing effort to gather data for its 311 interface, deploying a machine-learning model that takes a description of the user’s issue and then suggests case types that are most likely to fit what they need.

Report: Civic Tech Struggles with Sustainable Funding Despite Gains (Government Tech)
A recent increase in public desire to strengthen democracy has not yet translated into more funding for civic tech, but the authors of a new report see it as a reason for hope.

New York City's Tech Engagement Program Designed to Think, Act, Locally and Globally (Government Technology)
NYCx, a reorganizing of New York City's technology programs, is designed to bring technologists and residents together to solve tech problems with answers that could be adaptable worldwide.


K-12

GOP Tax Bill Would Boost School Choice, May Squeeze K-12 Revenue (Education Week)
The Republicans' much-anticipated legislation to change the federal tax system includes a victory for school choice advocates: It would allow families to use up to $10,000 in savings from 529 college savings plans for K-12 expenses, including private school tuition.

A Snapshot of Students’ Online Coursetaking: Foreign Languages On the Rise (EdWeek Market Brief)
The biggest increase in any single category of online course-taking was in foreign language study, which rose from 6 percent of course enrollments in 2014-15 to nearly 12 percent in the most recent year.

A capstone project before graduation? New York debates new ways to earn a diploma (Chalkbeat)
As New York continues to rethink what students must do to graduate high school, state policymakers floated their latest idea Monday: Let some students complete a “capstone project” on their path to a diploma.


Higher Ed/Workforce

The Surprising Revolt at the Most Liberal College in the Country (the Atlantic)
Activists are disrupting lectures to protest "white supremacy," but many students are taking steps to stop them.

Understanding Why Some Colleges Create Economic Mobility (Inside Higher Ed)
New coalition of colleges, researchers and higher ed groups aims to understand why and how some institutions excel at enrolling and graduating underprivileged students (and others don’t).

A College Certificate May Not Be a Clear Pathway to a Job (NBC News)
Certificates have become a hot commodity in the higher-education world in recent years, promoted by colleges and by Washington as an important new pathway to a career for people who don’t fit into a four-year degree program. They are the fastest-growing kind of post-high-school credential, with nearly a million a year now being conferred.


Health Care

Patient-led advisory councils tackling bigger matters (Modern Health Care)
Before a nurse hands off a patient to an incoming nurse at any of LifePoint Health's 72 hospitals, the two have an in-depth conversation with the patient and family members at the bedside. The systemwide protocol is an opportunity for inpatients to ask questions about their care and to ensure they are up to speed on their current health status.

Shop Around: Subsidies May Offset Your 2018 Health Insurance Price Hike (NPR)
Open enrollment for 2018 starts Wednesday, and new numbers released by the Trump Administration show that the average cost of a benchmark policy will be about 27 percent higher next year. But that's just the headline. The details suggest there's good news for lots of people who are willing to shop around a bit for insurance.

Fears of Amazon moving into prescription drug sales are already disrupting health care (Washington Post)
The possible megamerger between pharmacy giant CVS Health and health insurer Aetna would be the biggest deal of the year if it goes through. It would also create a combined company less vulnerable to disruption by Amazon, the online retail giant that has been eyeing the pharmacy business.

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11.03 Student Success: A Mix of Teacher Collaboration and Parent Engagement

Friday, November 3rd, 2017 | REBECCA SILLIMAN



For years, policymakers, educators and researchers have examined ways to create stronger student success outcomes in K-12 education. Many research studies have found that teacher collaboration can positively influence student success. Earlier this year, Public Agenda, with support from the Spencer Foundation, released Teacher Collaboration In Perspective: A Guide to Research, part of the Teacher Collaboration In Perspective project. While teachers in most schools across the United States work in isolation, they can and should be able to collaborate in order to learn from each other and share ideas. Some findings cited in the Guide to Research about the potential impacts of teacher collaboration on student success include:

  • Schools that are more collaborative have been shown to have a stronger student academic outcome than schools that are less collaborative.
  • When it comes to specific approaches to fostering collaboration, studies have found different degrees of effectiveness in improving student achievement.
  • Strong social connections among teachers may benefit students.
  • Collaborative approaches to using student test score data might improve the effectiveness of data-informed school improvement.

While there is little doubt that there are benefits to increasing teacher collaboration, it is necessary to remember that teacher collaboration is not the only factor, nor are teachers the only audience that need to work together, to help students succeed. Including or engaging parents in their child’s education can also be a driving factor to student success.

However, like my colleagues found out about teacher collaboration, the degree to which parents can be included or engaged in their child’s education varies. In a 2015 study conducted by Gallup, they define the difference between parent involvement and parent engagement, stating that “parents can be involved in their child’s education in many ways, including reading to their child, setting expectations for their child’s success and participating in school activities and conferences.” However, engaged parents are slightly different in that they also “experience a strong feeling of pride for the school and serve as the school’s advocate when discussing it with friends and neighbors.” Gallup also argues that parent engagement can have a greater impact on student success than parent involvement. Unfortunately, in Gallup’s nationally representative survey conducted with 3,356 parents, only 20 percent were fully engaged in the school.

In a past blog, Public Agenda’s Matt Leighninger discussed ways to cultivate parent engagement, indicating, like Gallup, that there are different levels of how parents are engaged. He also states that when parents understand and are confident about their roles in their children’s education and feel welcomed by educators, they are more likely to be involved. While parent-teacher conferences and other conventional meetings are forms of parent involvement, there are other tactics, such as parent workshops, after-school programs and student-centered learning plans which contain similar characteristics of high quality engagement. However, more research is needed to examine if these other methods of engagement will in fact lead to deeper parent engagement.

Overall, it is important to remember that when examining student success outcomes, it is necessary to look not only to teachers, but to everyone who is and should be involved in a child’s education. It is also vital to continue to investigate how these groups interact with each other to ensure that they are all working to create improved student success outcomes.

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11.02 Unite and Conquer: The Hidden Common Ground Initiative

Thursday, November 2nd, 2017 | WILL FRIEDMAN, PH.D.



Part of our monthly "Progress Report" newsletter. To receive the latest email updates from Public Agenda, click here.

An increasingly dominant narrative has it that America is so divided that we cannot possibly understand one another, let alone agree on anything or work together toward common ends. There are, of course, more than a few kernels of truth to this position. America has significant divisions: along lines of race and class; with respect to broad attitudes of governance; and on questions of culture and lifestyle. Recent research by PEW offers useful insights into the segments that define the electorate. These differences are real and consequential.

But the case is overstated and obscures important truths. We question the notion that no common ground exists and that our divides are unbridgeable. In fact, the public agrees on many solutions to difficult social problems, much more so than do politicians and pundits. Public Agenda's Hidden Common Ground initiative shines light on agreement among the general public obfuscated by more extreme polarization of politicians, pundits and activists.

In a recent blog, I noted the common ground that exists among the public for common sense measures to reduce gun violence -- a contentious issues that we may take on in future work -- and the potential for leadership to build on that common ground to make progress. In the inaugural project for our new initiative, we are exploring the hidden common ground on matters that have been top concerns of the public for many years: health care and criminal justice reform. We're finding broad agreement that some offenses should not lead to jail time but rather alternatives to incarceration; that preexisting conditions should not disqualify people from being able to afford health insurance; and that too often politicians treat these questions in "purely partisan" fashion, as one respondent noted, saying "I don't think they have our best interest at heart." More to come on this research soon.

The myth of absolute division makes it harder to recognize common ground that actually exists among the public. This lack of recognition, in turn, makes it harder to build on our agreements to forge progress where we can. And this then plays into the hands of those who gain advantage from our cleavages through a divide and conquer strategy -- including, we are learning, Russian operatives who seek to influence our elections by exaggerating our disagreements and even revving up our hatreds though social media fabrications. It is time to counter this with a unite and conquer strategy. Step one is recognizing the hidden common ground that silently exists beneath the noise of our political rhetoric. This new initiative we've taken on is our contribution to that critical first step.

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