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03.23 A Starting Point to Rebooting Democracy

Thursday, March 23rd, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA

“This public funk will be hard to dispel,” wrote Dan Yankelovich, Public Agenda’s co-founder, in a blog post nearly three years ago.

“What worries me is the root cause of the public funk. People see dysfunction virtually everywhere but don’t understand what’s causing it, and that combination is leading to a deepening public pessimism,” he said.

The dark public mood that he describes is a result of mounting frustration, dwindling trust and a lack of opportunities which seemingly show no signs of improving.

It’s a refrain we heard in focus groups we conducted across the country. Again and again, people drew a straight line between dysfunctional and disempowering politics and their limited economic prospects.

Back in September 2014, Dan wrote:

Americans clearly state they believe our political system is broken. Suspicion also exists that our health care system is out of control, our criminal justice system is twisted and distorted, our K-12 education system isn’t working as it should, our core business values are wrong-headed and even our higher education system has started to fail us

These suspicions are not unfounded. It has to be evident to thoughtful Americans that some fundamental flaw is distorting all aspects of American life. .

Dan elaborated in another blog that

…conventional political and economic solutions won’t put us back on the right track.

What we do at Public Agenda, in listening to these concerns, is choose a starting point to help leaders and citizens navigate complex issues, find common ground and partner on solutions that can lead to more fair, effective and inclusive systems.

Learn more about some of the latest work we’ve been doing. Want to read more from Dan? Check out his blog series at Rebooting Democracy.

Support Public Agenda’s mission to help make a democracy that works for everyone here.

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03.17 Still Searching

Friday, March 17th, 2017 | WILL FRIEDMAN, PH.D.

Part of our monthly "Progress Report" newsletter. To receive the latest email updates from Public Agenda, click here.

In a democracy, the policy agenda should reflect the public's needs, concerns and aspirations. As elaborated in our recent report, The Fix We're In, the lack of economic opportunity and political equality are driving concerns for many people these days. If inadequately addressed, we believe, our already fraying social contract could shred to pieces in the years ahead and our democracy itself could be in danger.

In the hurly-burly of their lives, people often feel the brunt of diminished opportunity when life's essentials, such as housing, education and health care, become unaffordable. That's why all of these issues are on our agenda at Public Agenda, and why we're pleased to alert you to the upcoming release of our new research to inform the policy debate on how to contain the costs of health care for individuals and families.

Our new report, "Still Searching," explores how people use health care price information and whether people manage to save money when they find out how much their care will cost them. "Still Searching" follows up on our 2015 research about how Americans seek and use health care price information, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. This time around, we surveyed Americans nationwide as well as representative samples of Texans, Floridians, and New York State and New Hampshire residents. Although online health care price information tools are proliferating, our research explores the broad range of ways in which people try to find out how much their care will cost, from calling their insurers to asking a receptionist or nurse.

We hope you'll look for this research and put it to good use.


03.17 Engaging Ideas - 3/17/2017

Friday, March 17th, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA


Why Politics Is Failing America (Fortune)
Beware the political–industrial complex. They rig the game for their benefit. The public interest is the loser. Here’s how to fix it.

Why I'm Moving Home (The New York Times)
J.D. Vance, the author of Hillbilly Elegy writes that he will be returning to Ohio. He writes: "This has consequences beyond the purely material. Jesse Sussell and James A. Thomson of the RAND Corporation argue that this geographic sorting has heightened the polarization that now animates politics. This polarization reflects itself not just in our voting patterns, but also in our political culture."

Do Cities Need a Political Movement? (CityLab)
On the world stage, cities have immense clout. They drive economies, breed culture and new ideas, and concentrate human talent. Yet, in the United States, cities severely lack political power.


America’s two-track economy (MIT News)
For many people in America, being middle class isn’t what it used to be. Consider: In 1971, the U.S. middle class — with household incomes ranging from two-thirds to double the national median — accounted for almost 60 percent of total U.S. earnings. But in 2014, middle-class households earned just about 40 percent of the total national income. And, adjusted for inflation, the incomes of goods-producing workers have been flat since the mid-1970s.

The Lone Dissenter From the Fed’s Rate Move Is Worried About Inequality (Bloomberg)
...his answer was to create an Opportunity and Inclusive Growth Institute, housed at the Minneapolis Fed, that would "conduct and promote research that will increase economic opportunity and inclusive growth for all Americans and help the Federal Reserve achieve its maximum employment mandate."

The American Dream Of Home Ownership By President (ValueWalk)
Is the American Dream dead? If home ownership as an attainable goal for the average American is the yardstick, then it is struggling. This graph shows the median price for a single-family home in the inaugural year of each of the nine most recent U.S. presidents and compares it to the median annual family income at those times.

K-12 Education

Academics are only part of the education this school offers its diverse student body (Washington Post)
The ninth post in a series about winners in the Schools of Opportunities project, which recognizes schools that seek to close opportunity gaps through research-based strategies, covers a high school in Revere, MA.

States Say ESSA Rule Changes Don't Mean Much (Chalkbeat)
Interviews with various state education leaders reveal that many state officials aren't concerned about the Department of Education's new ESSA guidelines impacting their implementation plans. They're moving forward as planned. Related:
ESSA Accountability and State Plans Regulation (National Governors Association) The National Governors Association is out with a “frequently asked questions” guide now that the regulation is a presidential signature away from being repealed. The document assures equity “guardrails” won’t go away.

To help kids succeed in college, make high school harder. (The Hechinger Report)
“For kids in poverty, more often than not, what they’re saying is, ‘I’m not a good student.’ What we have to do is convince them, ‘Well, actually, you are,’” said Lori Wyborney, principal of John R. Rogers High School.

Higher Education & Workforce Development

Research Brief: Does the Federal Work-Study Program Really Work—and for Whom? (Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment) Findings from recent research by the Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment (CAPSEE) which suggests that the program does positively influence students’ college attainment and post-college outcomes. The evidence also suggests that these impacts may be greatest for low-income students and students at public institutions. We then discuss how the current process for allocating FWS funds to institutions leaves these very students—those who are most likely to benefit—with the least access to the program. Related: Work-Study Worries (Inside Higher Ed). Many experts on the program agree it needs changing with a greater emphasis on low-income students. But few agree that the large cut being sought by the Trump administration will help.

Political Turmoil, Public Misunderstanding: A Survey of Presidents (Inside Higher Ed)
Among the findings: A majority of presidents believe the 2016 election exposed a disconnect between academe and much of American society. Nearly seven in 10 perceive that anti-intellectual sentiment is growing in the U.S.

National Survey Shows High Rates Of Hungry And Homeless Community College Students (NPR)
The results, published by researchers at the University of Wisconsin, show that one third of community college students go hungry and 14 percent are homeless. Those rates are up from 2015, when the same research team surveyed 4,000 community college students in 10 states, and found one fifth were without adequate nutrition. Thirteen percent were homeless. Today's results come from a much wider survey sample, more than 33,000 students, at 70 community colleges in 24 states. "Not only did we find challenges of food insecurity and housing insecurity at the less expensive community colleges, we found it at more expensive colleges," says sociologist Sara Goldrick-Rab, who led the research team.

A Conversation About Who Needs College And Why (NPR, All Things Considered)
In front of a live audience, Michel and her guests debated the value, the costs and purpose of higher education in today's world. She was onstage with a panel of students from the University of Wisconsin at Madison as well as alumni and key players in the University of Wisconsin system. The students were up first.

Health Care

Poll: Voters wary of GOP health care bill (Politico)
Nearly half of voters support the new Republican health care bill, but the elements they like best are holdovers from the Affordable Care Act, according to a new POLITICO/Morning Consult poll.

A Clear Solution: Cutting Healthcare Costs with Price Transparency (Brown Political Review)
A lack of transparency about facility fees and a drastic increase in the number of practices that are allowed to charge them places a serious burden on both patients and taxpayers.

There's no for health care—but there ought to be (Crain's)
Neither the Affordable Care Act—aka "Obamacare"—nor the American Health Care Act unveiled by GOP congressional leaders does much to improve pricing transparency in medical services, a fundamental flaw that impedes any effort to bring market discipline to a wildly inefficient industry.

The Future of Value-based Care Starts With Medical Education (Hospitals & Health Networks)
There have been few changes to medical education since Abraham Flexner established the two years of sciences and two years of clinical curriculum in 1910. With emphasis on value-based care, managing populations and chronic diseases, this shift in care must start with reimagining medical education for future physicians.


03.16 Why Waning Confidence in Higher Education is Worrisome

Thursday, March 16th, 2017 | ALISON KADLEC, PH.D., AND Megan Rose Donovan

There are significant gaps between the public and college leaders when it comes to the purpose and value of higher education. Experts often chock it up to a difference between perception and reality. It’s well founded that a college degree provides a level and secure path to a better-paying job, and ultimately, a middle class lifestyle. So why don’t more Americans buy it?

American Council on Education (ACE) Senior Vice President Terry W. Hartle said at ACE’s annual meeting Monday that recent focus groups showed that the economic value of a college education is declining. As described by Rick Seltzer, one focus group participant believed the average student loan borrower takes on more than $13,000 in debt per year, and a majority of participants said that colleges and universities are indifferent to costs students pay.

Waning confidence in higher education is not all that new. A survey we conducted last summer showed a significant increase in the number of people who say there are many ways to succeed in today’s work world without a college degree. In reality, it is a significant change in public opinion – a 14 percentage point increase from 43 percent in 2009 to 57 percent in 2016. Just 42 percent of Americans said a college education is necessary for success in the workforce. Juxtapose this trend with the Bureau of Labor Statistic’s projection that by 2018, 63 percent of all jobs will require some form of post-secondary education, and the problem becomes more critical.

The root of prospective students’ worries are rational. In a 2013 survey of adults looking to attend or return to college, a majority said they worry about taking on too much debt, among a host of other issues (see Figure 9 below). Fifty-two percent of 18 to 24-year olds expressed doubts about gaining the skills and knowledge they need for a job.

Do student worries miss the point? Last week, Inside Higher Ed released findings from its seventh annual survey of college and university presidents. It shows that only 12 percent of college presidents either strongly agree or agree that most Americans have an accurate view of the purpose of higher education.

What exactly is that purpose? It’s hard to tell, as the survey does not explicitly define or ask presidents to describe it. If we knew this is what presidents mean by “an accurate view of the purpose of higher education,” we could look at research to say there’s a well-defined disconnect.

However, as we’ve seen in our own survey research, it’s clear economic security and socioeconomic mobility are primary concerns for the public, especially prospective students. Diminishing or debasing that perspective is out of synch with realities facing the growing population of new traditional students who come to higher education with fewer resources, more pressures and far more complicated lives than traditional students of the past. Concerns about investing in education with no guarantee of a job, problems transferring credits, and other issues are important and legitimate grievances that shouldn’t be dismissed by saying people are swayed by media coverage of student debt.

The silver lining is that, though confidence is less steady, over half of Americans think a college education is still the best investment to get ahead. In the focus groups and forums we’ve facilitated around the country, members of the public continuously express a deep belief in the importance of higher education in the world today. But, what they’re expressing at the same time is that too few colleges seem to care about the things they care about: socioeconomic mobility.

Gaps in perceptions should give experts and leaders pause. As Dan Yankelovich has cautioned, colleges and universities can’t count on being given the benefit of the doubt under conditions of mistrust and anxiety. These groups need the time and opportunity to come together to think seriously about the purposes and value of higher education in a changing world. Bridging this gap through direct communication about the decisions leaders and citizens need to make together is tantamount to ensuring higher education provides more people with the genuine opportunity to make a better life through education.

We’re working across the country with national organizations, thought leaders and colleges to help improve the quality and accelerate the pace of problem solving on complex issues related to higher education, workforce development and the future of the American middle class. Specifically, through partnerships with the Aspen Institute for College Excellence, the Community College Research Center and the American Association of Community Colleges, we are helping strengthen the work of networks and coalitions trying to solve problems in new ways that better meet the needs of students from all backgrounds. We look forward to keeping you updated on our work around the country, and encourage you to engage with us and share your own knowledge and experience.

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03.10 Engaging Ideas - 3/10/2017

Friday, March 10th, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA


What does it mean to be American? The answer depends on your politics, study says (PBS)
Add one more to the list of things dividing left and right in this country: We can’t even agree what it means to be an American.

How Donald Trump Is Reviving American Democracy (The Atlantic)
There are two ways to look at the effect of Donald Trump’s presidency on American democracy. One is that he is a menace to the republic: that his attacks on journalists, federal judges, and constitutional norms undermine the rule of law. The other is that he is the greatest thing to happen to America’s civic and political ecosystem in decades.

Grudges and kludges: Too much federal regulation has piled up in America (The Economist)
Republicans and Democrats have been equally culpable in adding to the rulebook


New Papers Published: FixMyStreet and the World’s Largest Participatory Budgeting (Democracy Spot)
Tiago Peixoto writes: Here are two new published papers that my colleagues Jon Mellon, Fredrik Sjoberg and myself have been working on. The first, The Effect of Bureaucratic Responsiveness on Citizen Participation, published in Public Administration Review, is – to our knowledge – the first study to quantitatively assess at the individual level the often-assumed effect of government responsiveness on citizen engagement. It also describes an example of how the data provided through digital platforms may be leveraged to better understand participatory behavior. This is the fruit of a research collaboration with MySociety. The second paper, Does Online Voting Change the Outcome? Evidence from a Multi-mode Public Policy Referendum, has just been published in Electoral Studies.


Trump's first jobs report crushes expectations (Business Insider)
The US economy added 235,000 nonfarm payrolls in February, many more than expected, and the unemployment rate dipped to 4.7%, a report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics showed on Friday.

For a child’s economic future, place matters (Seattle Times)
Where a child grows up can make a big difference in his or her income as an adult. Even a few years of exposure to areas with good schools and opportunity can make a big difference.

K-12 Education

A School Where Raising the Bar Lifts Hope (The New York Times)
Inviting low-income high-schoolers into advanced-level courses can get them past fears that they’re not college material.

Giving Parents a Prominent Voice in Schools (Education Week)
As the head of family engagement in Washington state’s Federal Way public schools, Trise Moore helps parents navigate a large bureaucracy and puts them at the center of the district’s decisionmaking. She is recognized as a 2017 Leader To Learn From.

Amid Partisan Divide, Teachers Turn to Digital Game for Civics Lessons (Education Week)
Digital and online games, such as the "Mission US" series or even the popular strategy game "Civilization," are also used in the classroom to teach civics, history, and social studies. They may not captivate students' attention quite like "Assassin's Creed" or "Minecraft," but they're likely more compelling for many students than a textbook.

Higher Education & Workforce Development

Poised for a Booming Construction Industry (Community College Daily)
Hoops, who owned an electrical service company before he became an instructor, said a degree can make the difference when a company interviews people for jobs. “When I had a business,” Hoops said, “I looked at the person who had completed something. A degree was an ace-in-the-hole for someone who wanted to move up.”

Report: Destination Known: Valuing College AND Career Readiness in State Accountability Systems (Education Strategy Group)
To help inform this work and take advantage of the Every Student Succeeds Act, Education Strategy Group convened an Accountability Workgroup of state and national experts with a clear charge: provide guidance on the measures states should adopt to make college and career readiness the main driver of accountability systems.

What Colleges Should Know About A Growing 'Talent Strategy' Push By Companies (EdSurge)
A new research center at Northeastern University hopes to help close the gap, by fostering better dialogue between colleges and employers, and helping colleges understand both what employers want and what colleges are already doing. It’s called the Center for the Future of Higher Education and Talent Strategy, and it’s led by Sean Gallagher, who wrote the book on The Future of University Credentials.

'Conversation Starter' on Ethical Data Use (Inside Higher Ed)
New America releases framework to help colleges use predictive analytics to benefit students. Download the five-point guide here.

Health Care

Got health insurance? That doesn’t mean you’ll be able to pay your medical bills (The Sacramento Bee)
Hospitals around the country are reporting record levels of debt on their books from an unlikely source: patients with health care coverage.

Steps toward a simplified system of health care (The Orange County Register)
Do Americans want to make health care great again? Evidence is mixed, according to different standards.

Healthcare organizations make slow progress on price transparency (Health Data Management)
Over the past decade, a variety of stakeholders have launched tools designed to give consumers price information, including insurers, employers, hospitals, states and not-for-profits. But the success of these undertakings varies widely, depending on the tool and engagement approach used.


03.03 Engaging Ideas - 3/3/2017

Friday, March 3rd, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA


New report finds that American youth express low trust in media, use diverse strategies to verify news content (Knight Foundation)
Data & Society released “How Youth Navigate the News Landscape,” supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation this week. The report reveals that teens and young adults express low levels of trust in the news media and use mobile and social media to confirm, verify, and clarify the stories they care about.

The Media And The Public Disagree On Definition Of Democracy (Vocativ)
Mainstream media faced criticism from all sides of the political divide for their coverage of the election campaign. President Donald Trump’s surprising victory led to accusations that journalists on the coasts are out of touch with the rest of the country and that the media is biased or elitist.


What is gender budgeting? (The Economist)
Dozens of countries have passed equal-opportunity laws and adopted UN resolutions on women’s empowerment. Some governments are now turning to gender budgeting. What is it and how does it help?

Robots won't just take our jobs – they'll make the rich even richer (The Guardian)
Should robots pay taxes? It may sound strange, but a number of prominent people have been asking this question lately. As fears about the impact of automation grow, calls for a “robot tax” are gaining momentum.

K-12 Education

Kansas Supreme Court: State Level of School Funding is Inadequate (Education Week)
The ruling supported this conclusion by citing the nearly 50 percent of African-American students in Kansas who are not proficient in reading or math, and the one-third of students who receive free or reduced-price meals who are also not proficient in these subjects.

Knocking Down Barriers to Learning for Poor Students (Education Week)
In the Greenville County, S.C., district, Superintendent W. Burke Royster enlists a wide array of partners to help keep all students engaged in school and on track to graduate. He is recognized as a 2017 Leader To Learn From.

Three Features We Hope to See in Future Education Research (Education Next)
Michael Barber and Nathan Martin write: More evidence will not change outcomes without a strong focus on how to effectively spread and scale these new ideas and practice. We should learn from the work of the Gates Foundation, which utilizes teacher networks and influencers to help the importance of evidence “go viral.” We’ll know that a transformation is truly underway when efficacy and evidence start showing up on the agenda at school board and PTA meetings.

Three ways technology can supercharge teacher training (The Hechinger Report)
Trending methods include ideas like instructional coaching, learning walks, and professional learning communities. But these methods, when implemented without technology, are mostly in-person. The impact of the efforts will always be limited by needing the right people in the right place at the right time to witness the teaching.

Higher Education & Workforce Development

Report: What We Know About Technology-Mediated Advising Reform (CCRC)
Increasingly, colleges are attempting to use the technologies as a catalyst to fundamentally redesign their advising and support services.

Report: Increasing Success for Two-to-Four-Year Transfer Students Within CUNY (Columbia University)
The yearlong collaboration between GNYC, CUNY’s Office of Policy Research, and researchers at Columbia University was motivated by the shared goal of generating a more detailed, on-the-ground understanding of the first-year trajectories of two-to-four-year transfer students within the CUNY system, especially as compared to first-time freshmen and “native” upperclassmen. To provide such an understanding, two Columbia University researchers conducted over 200 interviews between September 2015 and June 2016 from a focal sample of ten first-time freshmen and ten two-to-four-year transfer students at three CUNY four-year colleges—a total of thirty freshmen and thirty transfer students overall.

State-by-State Breakdown of Graduation Rates (The Chronicle of Higher Education)
Nationally, 16.0 percent of two-year starters received a degree from a four-year institution within six years, with or without a prior associate’s degree. In 16 states, this percentage was higher than the national average. In four states (Iowa, Kansas, North Dakota, and Virginia), one in five students who started at a two-year public institution had a four-year degree within six years. Download the full report from the National Student Clearing House here.

Cross-sector Collaboration: What the Tipping Point Looks Like (Stanford Social Innovation Review)
Five successful change management strategies from an initiative to transform higher education from Van Ton-Quinlivan, the vice chancellor of the Workforce and Economic Development Division for the California Community Colleges.

Health Care

Health Care Survey - February 22-23, 2017 (Cato Institute)
Most polling of the Affordable Care Act finds popular support for many of its benefits when no costs are mentioned. However, a new Cato Institute/YouGov survey finds that support drops, even among Democrats, if its popular provisions harm the quality of health care. The poll finds that risks of higher premiums, higher taxes, or subsidies to insurers are less concerning to Americans than harm to the quality of care.

The Risk of Expanding the Uninsured Population by Repealing the Affordable Care Act (JAMA)
Switzerland, Singapore, and Germany have achieved universal coverage and made insurance affordable even for their citizens with highest health care costs by instituting an individual mandate. One major difference, however, is that unlike the ACA, the mandates instituted by these countries are reinforced with effective penalties for nonparticipation, thus ensuring that lower-cost enrollees—generally healthier individuals—balance out the costs of the others who require more medical resources.

Data Note: Americans’ Challenges with Health Care Costs (Kaiser Health News)
Four in ten (43 percent) adults with health insurance say they have difficulty affording their deductible, and roughly a third say they have trouble affording their premiums and other cost sharing; all shares have increased since 2015.... A majority of Americans, regardless of party identification, think lowering the amount individuals pay for health care should be a “top priority” for President Trump and Congress and rank it at the top of the list of health care priorities.


03.01 More Light on What Unites

Wednesday, March 1st, 2017 | WILL FRIEDMAN, PH.D.

Part of our monthly "Progress Report" newsletter. To receive the latest email updates from Public Agenda, click here.

In my last update, I shared a glimpse into our latest report, "The Fix We're In," that offers insight into the current, difficult public mood. Importantly, the report reveals a surprising amount of hidden common ground beneath our more obvious divisions.

Many Americans, across region, political party, age and race, believe they and their communities face diminishing opportunity to better their lots because of a political system in which they have no voice or influence. But despite their deep frustrations, once people got talking, they tended to agree on a number of ideas they think might improve things.

While the existence of under-the-radar common ground is encouraging, it will take better public conversation to make it explicit in society and transform it into an agenda for change that addresses the problems our nation must work through to build a better future.

How can we create the kind of public conversation among diverse Americans that brings to light the ideas that unite us without ignoring the real differences we need to navigate? That, to us, is an essential challenge of the period ahead.

While we don't claim to have all the answers, our research offers important clues. I encourage you to look at our full report to not only learn more about the complexities of how people think about inequality and opportunity in America, but for some insights into how we can find more agreement on solutions to alleviate poverty, create economic opportunity and strengthen democracy.


03.01 Community Partnerships for Community College Student Success

Wednesday, March 1st, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA

When thinking of those who can make a difference for community college students striving to gain the knowledge and credentials they seek, the usual suspects come to mind -- faculty, staff and administrators. Large-scale institutional change through which colleges improve their ability to serve their students is usually viewed as an expert-driven process best left to the professionals.

Too often left out of the equation are partnerships with community members, agencies and organizations, which can be tremendous assets and essential ingredients for long-term success. This is particularly the case for community colleges that may not have as high a profile or as many resources as larger 4-year institutions. But effective community engagement can be a tricky process without a proper starting point and roadmap.

Last week at DREAM 2017, the annual conference organized by Achieving the Dream (AtD), nearly 2,300 attendees came together to tackle the challenges of increasing student success. During the President's Colloquium, leaders from AtD colleges deliberated on what it means for colleges to become anchor institutions in their communities, and shared their community engagement challenges and strategies. These leaders realize that without deep, durable community partnerships, their colleges are unlikely to meet their student success goals.

For colleges to fulfill their obligation to provide socio-economic mobility for their students, they will need to work in new and better ways with K-12, community-based organizations and employers. To fortify these efforts, Public Agenda, with support from The Kresge Foundation, designed a guide to help colleges with the planning and execution of community engagement strategies.

Introduced at DREAM 2017, Success Is What Counts is a starting point to ensure that community engagement efforts begin on strong footing. It outlines general principles of effective engagement and provides tools and resources to support colleges in their community outreach and relationships. This includes a discussion starter on improving community partnerships and a self-assessment tool for facilitators.

Download Success Is What Counts, now available to all higher education leaders and others interested in strengthening new creative partnerships on behalf of better outcomes for all students.

Help Public Agenda support initiatives to fuel progress on critical issues, including education, health care and community engagement, by making a contribution.


02.24 Engaging Ideas - 2/24/2017

Friday, February 24th, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA


Democracy in America: How Is It Doing? (The Upshot)
A new research project will periodically survey political scientists on crucial measures of a functioning democracy, looking for change over time.

A Month and a Half in, a Freshman Congressman Faces His Angry Constituents (The Takeaway)
Republican Congressman Scott Taylor, a 37-year-old former Navy SEAL, handily won the November election in his military-heavy Virginia district. That doesn’t mean all of his constituents agree with everything President Trump and the Republicans in Congress are trying to do—especially when it comes to repealing Obamacare. While some G.O.P. lawmakers have shied away from holding town hall meetings during their one-week recess, Taylor met with his district face to face. Hear how it went.

How to cover pols who lie, and why facts don’t always change minds: Updates from the fake-news world (Neiman Lab)
“Putting others’ words in quotation marks, to signal, ‘We don’t know if this is true, we’re just telling you what they said’ or even ‘Nudge, nudge, we know this isn’t true,’ is a journalistic cop-out.”

K-12 Education

When School Doesn't Seem Fair, Students May Suffer (Education Week)
A “trust gap” that begins in middle school may render students less likely to attend college, even if they succeed academically, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin. The research, published in the journal Child Development, focuses on middle school students of color who lose trust in their teachers due to perceptions of mistreatment from school authorities.

Dismal Voucher Results Surprise Researchers as DeVos Era Begins (The Upshot)
The new studies come at an interesting moment, with a proponent of vouchers newly in charge of the Education Department.

Higher Education & Workforce Development

Report: Financial Pressure Swamping Community College Students (Diverse Issues in Higher Education)
The CCCSE report surveyed nearly 100,000 community college students attending 177 institutions across the country. The majority of respondents said that they were living paycheck to paycheck, and one fifth said that they would not be able to come up with emergency funds should an emergency arrive. Close to half of respondents said that they had run out of money in the past 12 months.

Why should elite universities get more taxpayer support than regional public colleges? (Washington Post)
Mark Schneider, vice president and institute fellow at the American Institutes for Research, writes: Recent data from the Equality of Opportunity Project suggest that the many taxpayer dollars invested in America’s most affluent universities support the social mobility of only a very small number of middle- and low-income students, while disproportionately assisting yet more upward mobility for the already well-heeled.

Health Care

When Evidence Says No, But Doctors Say Yes (ProPublica)
Years after research contradicts common practices, patients continue to demand them and doctors continue to deliver. The result is an epidemic of unnecessary and unhelpful treatment.

States Consider Imposing Drug Price Controls (Forbes)
Upon further investigation, it becomes clear pharmaceutical price controls – like those now being debated in eight state capitals – are misguided solutions in search of a problem, and are a red herring when it comes to the effort to bend the overall health care cost curve.


What Should Cities Make? (CityLab)
President Trump is gung-ho about the U.S. producing more goods. But what, exactly, should cities be making in the 21st century?

How Cities Should Take Care of Their Housing Problems (The New York Times)
Many big cities face a triple threat: Mr. Trump wants to cut funding to sanctuary cities; his nominee to run the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Ben Carson, is unlikely to be a strong and creative leader; and the Republican Congress is eager to chip away at federal housing programs. In response, cities need local financing initiatives that make up for the coming reduction in federal assistance.

Anatomy of a NIMBY (CityLab)
Restricting housing construction does not just hurt developers—it makes housing less affordable for everyone. But to overcome neighborhood resistance, you need to understand what drives it.


02.23 What Discussing Polarizing Topics Like Inequality Exposes

Thursday, February 23rd, 2017 | Chloe Rinehart

After a divisive election season we continue to see stark evidence of polarization and conflict in our society. But also—and this is less frequently reported on—we see a desire to bridge gaps and find common ground.

Polarization is about more than simply holding differing or even opposing views. These days, it is also about how people with a certain view are, by choice or circumstance, increasingly isolated from those who think differently. The interaction of diverse views is valuable, but the trend of increasing separation of and decreasing interaction between those who hold opposing views is troubling and potentially consequential. The less we interact with those who think differently, the more hardened our views tend to become, and the more apt we are to vilify one another and rely on stereotypes, which in turn further divide us.

Such political polarization is on the rise. While this is much more extreme among political leaders, there are also troubling signs that it is becoming more true among the public. According to a 2014 Pew survey of over 10,000 Americans, Republicans and Democrats are more divided along ideological lines than at any point in the past two decades. And, among those who hold “consistently liberal” or “consistently conservative” views, the majority of each group report that most of their close friends hold their same views.

However, it is important to not gloss over the rest of the story. According to the same study:

These sentiments are not shared by all – or even most – Americans. The majority do not have uniformly conservative or liberal views. Most do not see either party as a threat to the nation. And more believe their representatives in government should meet halfway to resolve contentious disputes rather than hold out for more of what they want.

And while those with more “consistently held” ideological views are more likely than others to say it is important to them to live in a place where most people share their political views, still only 28% of Americans overall say this is important to them. Growing numbers of Americans also say racial diversity in the United States is important to them: in another Pew survey from this month, 64% of Americans said an increasing number of people from different races, ethnic groups and nationalities in the U.S. makes the country a better place to live, an increase from 56% who said so in August 2016.

When we convened groups of ideologically, racially and socioeconomically diverse Americans in six large and small urban centers across the country to discuss the economy, inequality and opportunity, people were clearly grateful for the exposure to different viewpoints and people.

Sitting in on each of these groups, I knew that the participants were a diverse yet accurate cross-section of their surrounding community. I knew there were Republicans, Democrats and Independents; wealthy and unemployed people; and people of various racial and ethnic backgrounds sitting together at the table. Some of these differences were evident to our participants, others less so.

This meant that participants had many valuable moments of listening to, and learning from, people with very different backgrounds and experiences from their own. And it meant that when consensus emerged within the group, despite the diversity of views, it could be revelatory and important.

One example of learning from others’ experiences involved conversations about race and prejudice. In our Cincinnati group, there was an exchange about whether racial prejudice that limited people’s job prospects was more problematic than other forms of prejudice, such as gender or age discrimination. While there was no clear resolution to the discussion, white respondents were clearly deeply affected by the following story told by a black woman:

Female: My first name is [considered typically black], and I got out of my master’s program and I looked for a job for months, and months, and months…. I redid my résumé and instead of putting my full name, I just put my first initial, then my last name. Voilà.

Moderator: How do you feel about that?

Female: It’s sad. It’s sad. I personally named my daughter a white-sounding name so that in the future, when she gets old enough to get a job, she can get a job because her name sounds white.

Male: Wow.

Female: I considered that when I named her. It’s sad.

Cincinnati-area resident; in her 30s; black; upper-income; Democrat

In our follow-up interviews with respondents several days after the group, a number of people said this story stayed with them, including two white males. To me, it seemed that if they had not been brought together for this research focus group, they might not have ever had such exposure to an experience like the one this woman shared.

A good example of the importance of finding consensus also came from a participant in our Cincinnati group, who was surprised to find he had common ground with another participant who was different from him on numerous counts:

Now, you know, she’s a young African American female and I’m a more senior white male and she’s working and I’m retired, and we still came out thinking the same way. I think that’s kinda cool. That doesn’t mean her and I were right or wrong it just means we thought the same on that. I tend to be a conservative person and this made me think other ways, you know, whether I agreed or not but it made me come up with other ways to look at things. And I liked that.

Cincinnati-area resident; in his 70s; white; upper-income; Republican

Diversity of viewpoints and experience is not the problem we are faced with, but rather the separation we have between those who hold those different views and have had those different experiences, and the lack of ways to bring people of differing views together to gain perspective from one another. You can read more about these focus groups and the conversations between participants in the research report, The Fix We’re In. Support Public Agenda’s mission to help make a democracy that works for everyone here.

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