ON THE AGENDA | MAY 12TH, 2017 | PUBLIC AGENDA

Engaging Ideas - 5/12/2017

Every week we curate stories and reports on complex issues. This week: A reflection on making time for civic engagement when you have errands to run. A natural experiment that sheds new light on boosting test scores. Only one in four agrees that our higher education system is fine just the way it is. An interactive chart connects college majors to career paths. Why health care leaders should develop value-based care measures.


Democracy

Writing about campaign finance: A tip sheet (Harvard’s Shorenstein Center)
Running for office in the U.S. can be an expensive affair. This tip sheet helps journalists find and track the influence of money in politics.

Are election hacks the new normal? (MIT Technology Review)
Russian hackers tried, unsuccessfully, to hijack the French election—the U.K. and Germany are likely to be targeted next.


Opportunity/Inequality

Economic mobility nearly halved in the United States since the 1940s (ZME Science)
If children born in 1940 had a 90% chance of earning more than their parents, this dropped fast to only 50% in the 1980s, the team reported in the journal Science.


Engagement

Collaboration at Stanford leads to Mongolian parliament passing law on public opinion polling (Stanford News)
For those interested in ways deliberative practices can be institutionalized, this development in Mongolia may be of interest. A national Deliberative Poll was held last weekend, as required by the new "Law on Deliberative Polling" to consider possible constitutional amendments. Results will be released soon.

Making time for civic engagement when you have errands to run (Daily Breeze)
When you want change in government, you need to make your voice heard. You need to call your elected officials. You need to speak up at town halls. You need to fund organizations supporting your cause, pen letters to the editor and seize every opportunity to incite change.

Advancing the Art of Collaboration (Stanford Social Innovation Review)
This series, produced in partnership with BBB's Give.org, calls on the social sector to embody a new and pioneering collaborative spirit based in trust so that it can reach broader audiences, share the risk involved in experimentation, and accomplish more than any single organization could do alone.


K-12 Education

#ShowTheEvidence: Building a Movement Around Research, Impact in Ed Tech (The 74)
This is the first in a series of essays surrounding the EdTech Efficacy Research Symposium, a gathering of 275 researchers, teachers, entrepreneurs, professors, administrators, and philanthropists to discuss the role efficacy research should play in guiding the development and implementation of education technologies. This series was produced in partnership with Pearson, a co-sponsor of the symposium co-hosted by the University of Virginia’s Curry School of Education, Digital Promise, and the Jefferson Education Accelerator.

Linking Professional Development to Teacher Evaluations (Education Week)
The Boulder Valley school district built an online portal, called MyPassport, to help educators tap into the professional development offerings that match their needs.

One way to boost test scores? Make sure students get morning sunshine, new research shows (Chalkbeat)
The study, published last month in the peer-reviewed Journal of Human Resources, looks at districts in Florida and uses a novel approach: the fact that some areas in the state operate in the central time zone while others use eastern time. That means that if one district starts school at 8 a.m. Eastern and one right next door starts at 8 a.m. Central, students are actually heading to school at different times, relative to the sunrise — creating a natural experiment for the researchers to study how that affects student achievement.

When Elmo And Big Bird Talk To Refugees (NPR)
Sesame Workshop is creating educational programming for refugee children around the world. But first, it's doing a lot of homework to make sure the lessons it teaches are the right ones.


Higher Education & Workforce Development

Educating the Public on the Value of a College Degree (The Chronicle of Higher Education)
In contradiction to all the evidence of the increasing value of postsecondary education, a clear majority of our focus-group participants said they believed that the economic value of a college degree has stagnated or even declined. Do half of all student-loan borrowers owe less than $13,000? Yes. But that is not what a majority of the focus-group participants believed. And fewer than half of them think that colleges and universities focus on managing costs and limiting tuition increases to the best of their ability.

Varying Degrees: How America Perceives Higher Education (New America)
This week, New America hosted a graduation-week event to take a closer look at America’s thoughts and perceptions of higher education and discuss the implications of these findings for students, institutional leaders, and policymakers. Only one in four Americans agrees that our higher education system is fine just the way it is. Millennials -- who are on track to be the most educated generation to date and therefore have the most experience with the system -- are more likely than other generations to think this (only 13 percent agree higher education is fine how it is). Follow the conversation online with #VaryingDegrees.

Essay: What Policies for Improving Graduation Rates Actually Work? (Inside Higher Ed)
As students across the country prepare to receive their degrees, five authors -- Nicholas A. Bowman (University of Iowa), Tricia A. Seifert (Montana State), Gregory C. Wolniak (NYU), Matthew J. Mayhew (Ohio State) and Alyssa N. Rockenbach (North Carolina State), the authors of How College Affects Students -- explore how to increase their numbers.

Common Application Says New Transfer App Will Better Serve Nontraditional Students (The Chronicle of Higher Education)
The Common App’s current transfer application closely resembles the version that high-school seniors use to apply to four-year institutions. Yet asking a 35-year-old with a full-time job and two kids for the same parental information that teenagers provide isn’t an ideal way to engage so-called nontraditional students, Ms. Rickard said. "That’s not acknowledging who they are and where they’re coming from."

Interactive Chart: Putting Your Major to Work: Career Paths after College (The Hamilton Project)
The 3.4 percent of English majors who become managers earn a median salary of $77,000, while the 8.3 percent of their counterparts who become elementary and middle school teachers earn $51,000. Different career paths and the associated earnings differences for students with the same college major are pervasive and important for understanding both the benefits of college majors and of college itself.


Health Care

Should Value-Based Care Measures Become Patient-Centric? (Patient Engagement HIT)
Healthcare leaders should develop value-based care measures that are patient-centric and assess what is important to health consumers.

Administrative job growth in healthcare isn't good for America (The Hill)
There is a widely held consensus that job growth is good: we want any new jobs we can get. But, do we? Might there be job growth that we don’t want?

Why America needs a 'do-over' on Medicaid reform (Econo Times)
Republican leaders have argued the current Medicaid system is failing and in need of reform. Democrats, including former President Obama, have charged that the AHCA harms the well-being of poor and vulnerable groups. These writers wholeheartedly agree – with both sides. We question the wisdom of steep cuts to an already underfunded Medicaid system. But the status quo is not working either. So what should we do?


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